What Causes Joint Pain?


Joints are very crucial in support and movement in the body. Thus, any pain experienced in the joints can affect mobility and to a serious extent weaken support provided to the body. Joint pain, also referred to as anthralgia, is one of the most common complaints among people today both young and old. While many people are tempted to ignore the pain and wait until it passes away, it is better to see a doctor soon before it gets worse.
To better understand joint pain, its diagnosis and treatment options available it is necessary to look at the various causes behind its occurrence.

1. Disease

Joint pain can occur as a symptom of a number of diseases. They include:

• Arthritis
• Bone cancer
• Lupus
• Leukemia
• Mumps
• Measles
• Flu
• Chicken pox, hepatitis and many others.

During a diagnosis, the doctor will ask a lot of questions some of them seemingly not related to the joint problem. The reason for this is that there is need to eliminate most of the above and many other illnesses that might be causing the joint pain. Once the real cause is found, treatment becomes more effective and lasting.

2. Injury

This is one of the most common causes of joint pain. Since joints are intricately involved in motion and support, they are vulnerable to injury. The injury can be as little as some soreness to as serious as a dislocation where bones move from their normal position. A dislocation usually immobilizes and results in extreme pain in the affected joint. Injury can be caused when walking, playing, lifting heavy objects or when you get involved in an accident.
Usually, joint pain resulting from an injury requires simple treatments such as an icepack and painkillers and lots of rest of the affected area. However, when the pain persists for more than three days without abating, see a doctor immediately, something more serious could have happened.

3. Overuse

Generally, the chances and frequency of occurrence of joint pain increase as one gets older. Of course factors like illness can explain this. Sometimes, it can also be due to overuse of the joints. Over the years, one has definitely tasked the joints and it is inevitable that they will deteriorate and start experiencing problems like pain.
Even in younger individuals, joint pain due to overuse can still occur. This is most common for people who do jobs that involve one monotonous task done again and again. When a certain joint is overstressed due to too much use, inflammation and consequently pain sets in.

4. Menopause

Many women undergoing menopause have complained of stiffness and pain in the joints. The reduction in the amount of estrogen hormone in the body is associated with these symptoms. Estrogen plays a role in keeping the joints and bones healthy and lower levels result in joint deterioration.
Another aspect of menopause that can cause joint pain is dehydration. It causes the buildup of uric acid which leads to joint inflammation.

Positive lifestyle habits such as a good diet, plenty of regular exercise and stress management can greatly help in preventing and even treating joint pain.